Case Study: LUTS following TURP
- Anthony, a 54-year-old male, was referred to WMHP by his urologist for urinary incontinence and painful voiding following a TURP 3 months prior.
- He reported stress urinary incontinence with lifting, bending, coughing etc. (and was avoiding any lifting / exercise due to fear of leakage), and daily urge urinary incontinence with coming home / key in the door.
- He was wearing 1 moderate sized pad per day for containment.
- Anthony was also bothered by painful voiding, with pain at initiation and termination of void, hesitancy and post-micturition dribble.
- Pre-operative LUTS: voiding dysfunction++, increased urgency but no incontinence, nocturia x 4-5.
- Bowel function: very constipated initially after TURP, managed with Movicol, bowels now moving daily with Metamucil but needs to strain.
- Erectile function: retrograde ejaculation since TURP, no pain / erectile dysfunction.
- Social history: married with children, works in a call centre, very anxious that urinary symptoms will never go away, and he will be ‘stuck like this forever’. Anthony also disclosed that he had long standing hesitancy in public toilets since an episode of sexual abuse when he was 15 (disclosed at 2nd appointment).
- Exercise: sedentary lifestyle. Previously morbidly obese, had lost weight with lap band 10 years ago but had put some back on and was still overweight – especially around the abdomen.
- Anthony’s goals:
- To be able to go through daily life without feeling insecure about bladder control.
- To be able to get back to exercising at the gym, playing with kids, and lifting things around the house without leaking.
- Digital rectal examination: overactivity and tenderness of the pelvic floor muscles, poor ability to contract and relax, palpation of anterior pelvic floor reproduced urethral and penile pain.
- Bladder diary: diurnal urinary frequency 5-7, nocturia 1, voided volume daytime 75-350mls, nocturnal 475-650mls. Type 4 urgency with volumes 250-650mls. Fluid intake: 1.6-2.2L, comprising only of diet soft drinks and 2 strong coffees.
- Bladder scan: post void residual within normal limits.
- Dipstick urinalysis: NAD.
- Education: Anthony was educated extensively about the cause of his symptoms, contributing factors, and positive prognosis for rehabilitation, including the positive impact that weight loss could have on his symptoms.
- Pelvic floor muscle downtraining program, then functional strengthening: real time transperineal ultrasound was used in-rooms for visual biofeedback to help Anthony learn how to relax his pelvic floor muscles. Once he had mastered this skill, his pelvic floor muscle training program was focussed on functional strengthening prior to movements that resulted in leakage.
- Voiding re-education: Anthony was instructed in relaxed voiding techniques.
- Behavioural bladder retraining: urge suppression and deferral strategies were discussed to control urinary urgency / incontinence.
- Fluid modification: Anthony was advised to minimise caffeine and bladder irritants and aim for 1.5-2L total fluid intake.
- Treat constipation: Anthony was educated about dietary changes for stool softening and how to empty his bowels without straining.